Volume 2, Issue 2 (Spring 2016)                   Infect Epidemiol Med 2016, 2(2): 81-88 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ahadi H. Comparing expressive grammar in children with autism and typically developing children. Infect Epidemiol Med. 2016; 2 (2) :81-88
URL: http://journalsystem.ir/article-1-66-en.html
Applied Linguistics Department, Institute of Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (30 Views)
Language impairment is one of the main characteristics of children with autism; however, findings of the language deficits in these children have been inconclusive, and even less is known about the language profiles of Persian children with autism. Due to the heterogeneity in autism, we also need extensive investigations on the properties of their language in different languages. The aim of this study was to evaluate grammatical characteristics in children with autism and reveal the differences between with age-matched and language-matched normal children. Research data were collected at 10 autistic (ages 6 to 9) and 20 normal children (10 age-matched and 10 language-matched). First we used The GARS-2, and the ASSQ for diagnosing high-functional Autistic children. Then expression of syntactic structures in autistic and normal Children was assessed by using a measure of children’s expressive grammar. And finally data analyzed with mann-whitney test.  The result showed that there is significant difference between autistic group and age-matched group in all structure except in WH question, yes/no question, different type of relative clauses, tense, aspect, mood, different type of pronouns and preposition. But comparison between autistic group and language-matched group showed that there is no significant difference in most structures except WH question, yes/no question, complementary relative clauses, different type of pronouns and preposition. Overall, autistic children demonstrated consistent expressive impairment in questions, relative clause and pronouns that should be noted that should be seriously considered in identification and treatment. 
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2017/08/28 | Accepted: 2017/08/28 | Published: 2017/08/28

1. - Ahmadi, S. J., Safari, T., Hemmatian, M., & Khalili, Z. (2011). The psychometric properties of Gilliam Autism Rating Scale. (GARS). Researches of Congnitive and Bihavioral Sciences, 1(1), 87-104 .[In Persian].
2. - Bartolucci, G. (Ed.). (1976). Formal aspects of language in childhood autism. Autism and severe psychopathology: advances in child behavior analysis and therapy. Lexington: Lexington Books.
3. - Bartolucci, G., Pierce, S., & Streiner, D. (1980). Cross-sectional studies of grammatical morphemes in autistic and mentally retarded children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 10(1), 39-50.
4. - Belkadi, A. (2006). Language impairments in autism: evidence against mind-blindness. SOAS Working Papers in Linguistic, 14, 3-13, ISBN 0728602814.
5. - Condouris, K., Meyer, E., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (2003). The relationship between standardized measures of language and measures of spontaneous speech in children With autism. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 12(3), 349-358.
6. - Eigsti, I.-M., Bennetto, L., & dadlani, M. B. (2007). Beyond pragmatics: morphosyntactic development in autism. Journal of autism and developemental disorders, 37, 107-1023.
7. - Jarrold, C., Boucher, J., & Russell, J. (1977). Language profiles in children with autism: Theoretical and methodological implications. Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1(1), 57–76.
8. - Kasechi, M. (2010). Validity and reliability of Persian version of Autism spectrum screening questionnaire. University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation, [Persian].
9. - Kjelgaard, M. M., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (2001). An investigation of language impairment in autism: Implications for genetic subgroups. Language and Cognitive Processes, 16(2-3), 287–308.
10. - Haresabadi, F. (2014). Design and Validation of Persian Photographic Grammer Expression Test for 4-6 Years Old Children. ( Ph.D.), University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran.
11. - Hasanzadeh S, & A., M. (2001). Adaptation and standardization of language development test TOLD-P:3 for Persian language children. Research on exceptional children, [In Persian].
12. - Pierce, S., & Bartolucci, G. (1977). A syntactic investigation of verbal autistic, mentally-retarded, and normal children. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 7, 121-134.
13. - Rizzi, L. (1993/1994). Some Notes on Linguistic Theory and Language Development: The Case of Root Infinitives. Language Acquisition, 7(4): 371-393.
14. - Roberts, J. M., Rice, M. L., & Tager–Flusberg, H. (2004). Tense marking in children with autism. Applied psycholinguistics, 25, 429-448.
15. - Roohparvar , R. Karami , M. Mohsen Madadi, M.(2014).Comparing phonetic,phonologic, morphologic and syntactic features of speech in children with autism and typically developing children. Modern Rehabilitation, 8(3):62-68
16. - Tager-Flusberg, H., & Calkins, S. (1990). Does imitation facilitate acquisition of grammar? Evidence from the study of autistic, Down’s syndrome and normal children. Journal of Child Language, 17, 591-606.
17. - Tager Flusberg, H., && Cooper, J. (1999). Present and future possibilities for defining a phenotype for specific language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 42, 1001-1004.
18. - Tek S, Mesite L, Fein D, & L., N. (2013). Longitudinal Analyses of Expressive Language Development Reveal Two Distinct Language Profiles among Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, doi: 10.1007/s10803-013-1853-4. [PMC free article][PubMed] [Cross Ref].
19. - Valdes-Laribi, Huarda. (2010). Syntax and Theory of Mind in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Maîtrise : Univ. Genève.
20. - Volden, J., & Phillips , L. (2010). Measuring Pragmatic Language in Speakers With Autism Spectrum Disorders: Comparing the Children’s Communication Checklist—2 and the Test of Pragmatic Language American. Journal of Speech-LanguagePathology, 19, 204-212.
21. - Walenski, M., H.Mostofsky, S., Gidley-Larson, J. C., & Ullman, M. T. (2008). Brief Report: Enhanced Picture Naming in Autism. J Autism Dev Disord, 38(7), 1395-1399.
22. - Walenski, M., Tager-Flusberg, H., & Ullman, M. T. L. i. a. I. U. a. f. b. n. t. t. S. O. M. J. L. R. R. e., pp 87-103, Taylor & Francis Books, ISBN 10-0-8493-2732-6, London (Eds.). (2006). Language in autism. London: Taylor & Francis Books.
23. - Wilkinson, K. M. (1998). Profilies of Language and Comunication skills in autism mental retardation and developmental disabilities research reviews, 4, 73–79
24. - Yarmand, H. Ashayeri, H. (2015). Comparison of music and imitation of intentional movement to increase the average number of the verb in the sentence in autistic children. Language related research (on line article) [In Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Online Academic Intelligent services. All rightes reserved.